everybody in here I'm standing in Moscone Center at the inter solar conference at the DJI booth I just wanted to say thank you everybody for your support so far the podcast has received over 500 downloads in just the first 7 days so really really stoked super humbled and can't wait to continue more episodes likely having an episode about solar as I learned more at this conference so thank you so much for listening keep it up and go ahead and return back to the regular scheduled programming welcome to commercial drones fm the podcast that explores the commercial drone industry the people who power it and the concepts that drive it I'm your host Ian Smith greetings all thanks for tuning into commercial drones FM I'm Ian Smith and today we're going to chat about the part 107 knowledge test so I recently took the test it's about 35 questions online and it was fairly complex if you don't if you're not super familiar with aviation already but it's nothing that a little studying and review can't help prepare you for so a few things you're already available actually to schedule the test through cats which is actually the computer assisted testing service that the FAA uses and you can go ahead to their website which I'll go ahead and link up it's called cats test comm and you can access the pre-registration application which actually will be available you can start taking the test on August 29th which is when the part 1 of 7 rule takes effect so I'll link that up and you can pre-register in order to take it and I believe there's around 6 to 700 testing centers nationwide in the u.s. here so you can go ahead and get all your ducks in a row and have your tests all set up and ready to go so you can just hit the ground running so what I'm going to do the format of this show is actually I'm going to go over the questions that were asked so I was asked 35 on the specific test I took the part 61 operator certification test so if you're an existing part 61 certified pilot then you can go ahead and you can take the test online you actually don't have to go to the physical knowledge testing center the physical KTC and you can take it online as long as you have had a flight review within the past 24 months so this is the test that I took I passed the test you have to get a hundred percent on the test if you don't get a hundred percent whether you're a pilot or not you have to wait 14 days before you can take it again so definitely don't want to continue going back and you know you want to make sure that you study sufficiently so you don't have to wait two whole weeks each time you take the test so the format of the show will be I'm going to read the questions that I was asked I went ahead and notated all of them the answer Bank I'm going to give you a second to kind of guess which is the correct answer and then I will advise you of the correct answer and then give you a little bit of background where applicable and then reread the whole question with the answer right afterwards so that you can kind of you know hopefully internalize and memorize you know all of this information but I definitely recommend you know getting a copy of the pilots handbook you can go ahead and I think the FAA or the the link that I linked up will give you an actual like PDF link to go ahead and get this so it's just got a wealth of information tons and tons of insight and you know information on the the whole aviation you know pilot process and the rules of the sky as it were so let's go ahead and get started we'll go ahead and of course start with question number 1 which of the following individuals may process an application for a part 107 remote pilot certificate with a suas rating a with the remote pilot in command be the designated pilot examiner or see the commercial balloon pilot the correct answer is be the designated pilot examiner so this is actually a little bit of a tricky question because it says which of the following individuals may process an application for a remote pilot certificate it's not which of the following individuals may submit an application for a part one of seven remote pilot certificate so the correct answer be the designated pilot examiner or otherwise known as the DP II is the correct answer there and that is just someone who's certified from the FAA to issue and sign off on certificates they have a very interesting job there's not a ton of them around the United States they can charge a lot of money for some of the things that they do and there's no official price book sometimes but just for a little bit of insight the knowledge test that the Kats testing Center will will administer cost one hundred and fifty bucks so question number two after receiving a part 107 remote pilot certificate with a suas rating how often must you satisfy recurrent training requirements a every 12 months B every six months or C every 24 months the correct answer is C every 24 months so after receiving your part 107 remote pilot certificate with an S UAS rating you're going to have to satisfy the recurrent training requirements every 24 months so every two years you're going to have to retake that test or a version of that test in order to remain current is what we would call it so that your ex is your certificate does not expire if you go ahead and let it lapse and you don't take that test within the 24 month period then you're going to have to go ahead and take it again whenever you want to start flying commercially under part 107 question number 3 according to 14 CFR part 107 a suas is an unmanned aircraft system weighing a 55 pounds or less be less than 55 pounds or C 55 kilograms or less the correct answer is B less than 55 pounds so this question gets a little bit tricky because it throws two units of measurement at you the imperial the metric system at the kilograms there and also the wording is a little tricky so fifty five pounds or less was the option for answer a and then option B was less than fifty five pounds so this is not up to and including fifty five pounds for 107 it's actually anything less than fifty five pounds so if you weigh if your aircraft you know takeoff weight weighs a total of forty or up sorry fifty four point nine pounds then you'll be good to go but if it weighs 55 pounds or above then you cannot cleat you cannot be cleared for takeoff under part one oh seven question for unmanned aircraft means an aircraft operated a during search and rescue operations other than public B for hobby and recreational use when not certificated or C without the possibility of direct human intervention from within or on the aircraft the correct answer is C without the possibility of direct human intervention from within or on the aircraft so the question was unmanned aircraft means an aircraft operated without the possibility of direct human intervention from within or on the aircraft so if you strap yourself onto your little drone and you put direct human intervention then you are not operating an unmanned aircraft system I'm sorry to break that news to you you have to actually be a remote pilot question v which of the following types of operations are excluded from the requirements in part 107 a model aircraft for hobby use B UAS used for motion picture filming or C quadcopter capturing aerial imagery for crop monitoring the correct answer is a model aircraft for hobby use so of the following types of operations that are excluded from the requirements in 107 model aircraft for hobby use are excluded so if you're just operating for fun then you don't have to operate under part 107 and you can go ahead and you know operate as a hobbyist question six which of the following operations would be regulated by 14 CFR 107 a operating your suas for an imagery company be conducting public operations during a search mission or see flying for enjoyment with family and friends correct answer is a operating your suas your small unmanned aerial system for an imagery company so that is a commercial operation and that is regulated by 14 CFR CFR stands for Code of Federal Regulations 107 so that's just part 107 and that is operating your unmanned system for an imagery company that is a commercial operation so you are operating and you are regulated by 14 CFR 107 question 7 according to 14 CFR part 48 when would a small unmanned aircraft owner not be permitted to register it a if the owner does not have a valid United States driver's license B if the owner is less than 13 years of age or C all persons are eligible to register in a small unmanned aircraft the correct answer is B if the owner is less than 13 years of age so if you are under 13 if you're 12 years old first of all thanks that's really cool that you found this podcast but you definitely don't have to you're not permitted to register your aircraft you don't have to I'm not going to get into this one it's just I feel like everyone should have to register their aircraft but yeah that's the regulation so if you're less than 13 years of age you don't have to you're not permitted to register your aircraft but again of course you cannot operate under part 107 because you're not old enough you have to be 16 years old question 8 under what condition would a small unmanned aircraft not have to be registered before it is operated in the United States a when the aircraft has a takeoff weight that's more than 0.5 5 pounds but less than 55 pounds not including fuel and necessary attachments be when the aircraft weighs less than 0.5 5 pounds on takeoff including everything that is on board or attached to the aircraft or see all small unmanned aircraft need to be registered regardless of the weight of the aircraft before during or after the flight be is the correct answer when the aircraft weighs less than 0.5 5 pounds on takeoff including everything that is on board or attached to the aircraft so that is the condition in which a small unmanned aircraft would not have to be registered before being operated in the United States if it's less than 0.5 5 pounds on takeoff so that's a tiny little drone the thought process there is that it is fairly insignificant it can't cause too much trouble injure someone I'm sure it could poke an eye out but that's the thought process there so you don't have to actually register an aircraft that weighs less than 0.5 5 pounds on takeoff including everything that's on board or attached to the aircraft question 9 when using a small unmanned aircraft in a commercial operation who is responsible for informing the participants about emergency procedures a the FAA inspector in charge be the lead visual observer or see the remote pilot in command the correct answer is C the remote pilot in command so the remote pilot in command or the P IC is we call it is the person who is ultimately in charge for the entire operation so that includes pretty much every single aspect of it so if something bad happens you the remote pilot in command the P IC is going to be responsible for that incident or accident and you're also responsible for informing the participants of the operation about the emergency procedures always be safe question 10 a person without a part 107 remote pilot certificate may operate an S UAS for commercial operations a only.when visual observers participate in the operation B under the direct supervision of a remote P IC or C alone if operating during day hours the correct answer is B under the direct supervision of a remote P I see this is really interesting because a person does not have to have a remote part 107 Pilot certificate to operate the unmanned system for commercial operations you can be under the direct supervision of a certified remote P I see someone who's taken and passed the test if that person is supervising you so if you're on a two-man operation you have two controllers one is the operator of the aircraft ones you know operating the camera only one of those people have to have to actually you know the camera operator can be the certified remote P IC and the person flying the drone since they're under the direct supervision of the remote P IC you can actually do that without having a part 107 certificate question 11 a person whose sole task is watching the suas to report hazards to the rest of the crew is called a the remote p IC b the visual observer or see the person manipulating the controls correct answer is B the visual observer that is the person whose sole task is watching the suas to report hazards to the rest of the crew so a visual observer is not is no longer required you will recall under part 333 the visual observer was required for the flight but in part 107 that person is not required but that is who that is the title of the person whose sole task is watching the suas to report hazards to the rest of the crew question 12 when adapting crew resource management CRM concepts to the operation of a small unmanned aircraft CRM must be integrated into a all phases of the operation B the flight portion only or C the communications only the correct answer is a CRM concepts must be integrated into all phases of the operation question 13 you've been hired as a remote p IC by a local TV news station to film breaking news with a small unmanned aircraft you expressed a safety concern and the station manager as instructed as instructed you to fly first and ask questions later what type of hazardous attitude does this attitude represent a invulnerability B machoism or C impulsivity the correct answer is C impulsivity so the station manager who instructed you to fly first and ask questions later exhibited the characteristics of being a very impulsive person and just wanting you to go ahead and do it not worry about any safety concerns and just get it over with and worry about it later question 14 under what conditions should the remote pilot in command of a small unmanned aircraft establish a scheduled maintenance protocol a when the manufacturer does not provide a maintenance schedule B when the FAA requires you to following an accident or see small unmanned aircraft systems do not require maintenance correct answer is a when the manufacturer does not provide a maintenance schedule so the remote pilot in command of a small unmanned aerial system should establish a scheduled maintenance protocol when the manufacturer does not provide a maintenance schedule so that's your responsibility you should go ahead and do that I don't believe there are well actually I take that back I'm not really too sure I've never read the DJI manual whether that's good or bad maybe I'll report back on that but I don't know I'm sure they advise specific steps but there's nothing as far as I know that's super formal of a maintenance schedule of course you want to do a visual inspection and you know physical inspection of the aircraft every single time you fly but yeah that's the the correct answer a when the manufacturer does not provide a maintenance schedule is when you should as the remote P I see establish a scheduled maintenance protocol yourself question 15 scheduled maintenance should be performed in accordance with the a contractor requirements B manufacturer's suggested procedures or see stipulations in 14 CFR part 43 the correct answer is B manufacturer's suggested procedures so scheduled maintenance should be performed in accordance with this manufacturers schedule or suggested procedures so relating that back to the previous question what conditions should you establish your own maintenance protocol when the manufacturer does not provide a maintenance schedule so scheduled maintenance should be performed in accordance with the manufacturer's said manufacturer's suggested procedures but if there are none then you're going to go ahead and have to establish your own maintenance protocol question 16 according to 14 CFR part 107 the responsibility to inspect the small unmanned aircraft system to ensure it is in safe operating condition rests with the a remote pilot in command B visual observer or C the owner of the small unmanned aerial system the correct answer is a the remote pilot in command as stated earlier the remote p IC is the person that's solely in charge of the flight regardless of who owns the unmanned aerial system so if you are the owner and you're the p IC you're still responsible but if you're not the owner and you're the p IC you're still responsible question 17 before each flight the remote p IC must ensure that a objects carried on the suas are secure B ATC has granted clearance or C the site supervisor has approved the flight the correct answer is a objects carried on the suas are secure so before each flight the remote p IC must ensure that objects carried on the suas are secure so if you slap on some random device on your drone like your tablet for playing pokemon go or your phone then you're going to have to make sure that that is securely attached to your drone question 18 when operating an unmanned aircraft the remote piloting command should consider that the load factor on the wings or rotors may be increased anytime when a the gross weight is reduced be the center of gravity CG is shifted rearward to the aft CG limit or see the aircraft is subjected to maneuvers other than straight and level flight correct answer is C the remote pilot in command should consider that the load factor on the wings or rotors may be increased any time when the aircraft is subjected to maneuvers other than straight and level flight question 19 a stall occurs when the smooth airflow over the unmanned airplanes wing is disrupted and the lift degenerates rapidly this is caused when the wing a exceeds its critical angle of attack B exceeds the maximum allowable operating weight or C exceeds the maximum speed the correct answer is a when it exceeds its critical angle of attack so little super super basic very very brief aerodynamics note here so the wing and the relative wind have there's an angle of attack so there's a critical angle of attack when increased so I imagine that the wind is coming straight at you when you're operating the drone the wing or the rotor itself which is also a wing but it's just spinning in a circle if the air is the relative wind is coming straight at you that's good it's going right over the wing and everything is as as planned but if it's going from the bottom basically and you're thinking about an airplane wing then that relative angle of attack is is way way over what it should be and that is past the critical angle so then that's when a stall occurs question 20 what could be a consequence of operating a small unmanned aircraft above its maximum allowable weight a increased maneuverability B faster speed or C shorter endurance the answer is C shorter endurance so a consequence of operating your drone above its maximum allowable weight is shorter endurance and that's just basic aerodynamics physics so the heavier the object is and nothing else changed the motors the rotors the battery capacity then you're going to see shorter endurance because you are carrying more weight and it costs more energy to keep that aircraft aloft question 21 according to 14 CFR part 107 who is responsible for determining the performance of a small unmanned aircraft a the owner or operator be the manufacturer or see the remote pilot in command the correct answer is C the remote pilot in command again you're seeing a trend here who was responsible for determining the performance of a small unmanned aircraft the remote P I see the remote pilot in command when in doubt you're usually responsible as the P I see so definitely there's a lot of weight that comes with operating in in the NASA and the National Airspace System so remote p ICS just be wary be be advised question 22 to ensure that the unmanned aircraft center of gravity limits are not exceeded follow the aircraft loading instructions specified in the a pilots operating handbook or UAS flight manual B the aeronautical information manual or the aim a I M or C aircraft weight and balance handbook the correct answer is a the pilots operating handbook or UAS flight manual so to ensure that the aircraft CG limits are not exceeded follow the loading instructions specified in the pilots operating handbook or the UAS flight manual question 23 how would high density altitude affect the performance of a small unmanned aircraft a increased performance be decreased performance or see no change in performance the correct answer is B decreased in decreased performance high-density altitude is basically really really high up so imagine you're operating on top of a really tall mountain you have high density out or you're at an altitude very very high up you know in relation to the sea level you're going to see decreased performance because the air is a lot more thin and there's a lot less air molecules for the wings to actually interact with and to create lift so you see decreased performance question 24 while operating around buildings the remote P I see should be aware of the creation of wind gusts that a enhance stability and imagery B increase performance of the aircraft or see change rapidly in direction and speed causing turbulence the correct answer is C you should be aware of the creation of wind gusts that change rapidly in direction and speed causing turbulence so especially with a very small aircraft this can be catastrophic I mean here in San Francisco there's tons of wind my building in particular I'm you know very convinced that it's probably the windiest corner in the whole city but that speed of the air and the rapidly changing direction can cause you know huge changes in the characteristics of the operating environment and it can be you know catastrophic and create really dangerous wind gusts so definitely be advised of that question 25 according to 14 CFR part 1 of 7 what is required to operate a small unmanned aircraft within 30 minutes after official sunset a must be protected or must be operated in a rural area B the use of lighted anti-collision lights or see the use of a transponder the correct answer is B the use of lighted anti-collision lights so if you want to operate your unmanned aircraft within 30 minutes after official sunset then you have to use lighted anti-collision lights most drones do come with these but if yours you know didn't come with them make sure you you know you put them on you install them yourself if it didn't or make sure that they're functioning because you know before your before your takeoff just make sure that the lighted anti-collision lights are there it's just a hole it's a safe you can you know keep track of the aircraft other aircraft can see you question 26 according to 14 CFR part 107 how may a remote p IC operate an unmanned aircraft in Class C airspace class Charlie airspace a the remote p IC must monitor the air traffic control frequency from launch to recovery b the remote p IC must contact the air traffic control facility after launching the unmanned aircraft or see the remote p IC must have prior authorization from atc air traffic control the correct answer is C the remote p IC must have prior authorization from air traffic control in order to operate that unmanned aircraft in controlled Class C airspace so Class C is usually you know a larger airport and you definitely have to have authorization prior authorization before takeoff from ATC from air traffic control question 27 in accordance with C at 14 CFR part 107 you may operate an suas from a moving vehicle when no property is carried for compensation or higher a over a sparsely populated area B over a parade or other social events or C over suburban areas correct answer is a over a sparsely populated area this is a really cool rule a really cool provision for actually being able to operate a drone or um a moving vehicle when you're not carrying property for compensation or higher you're not crossing state lines and you're not operating both the drone and the moving vehicle at the same time so super cool for remote rural areas you also have to be in a rural area and not over a lot of people but it's a really cool provision for farmers growers people who are going to be operating over large distances question 28 in accordance with 14 CFR part 107 except when within a 400 foot radius of a structure at what maximum altitude can you operate small unmanned aerial systems a 500 feet AGL or above ground level be 400 feet AGL or see 600 feet AGL the correct answer is be 400 foot AGL so this is another really cool provision arguably one of the coolest is that you can exceed 400 feet AGL operating you know 400 feet above ground level if you're operating within 400 feet of a structure so if the structure is I don't know a thousand feet tall you can actually be operating at 1,400 feet above ground level since you're still within you know 400 foot feet of the top of that structure at 1,400 feet so this is great for doing inspections on cell towers buildings anything that really exceeds 400 feet question 29 the FAA may approve your application for a waiver of provisions in part 107 only when it has been determined that the proposed operation a involves public aircraft or air carrier operations B can safely be conducted under the terms of that certificate of waiver or C will be conducted outside the United States the correct answer is B can be safely conducted under the terms of that certificate of waiver so the FAA may approve your application for a waiver of provisions in part 107 only when it has been determined that the proposed operation can be safely conducted under the terms of that certificate of waiver so if you are going to ask the FAA to operate beyond visual line of sight or do anything that you would need a waiver to do something that's not covered under part 107 then you're going to have to go ahead or the FAA is going to go ahead and ensure that the operation can be safely conducted under the terms of that certificate of waiver question 30 when requesting a waiver the required documents should be presented to the FAA at least how many days prior to the planned operation a 30 days B 10 days C 90 days the correct answer is C 90 days when requesting a waiver the required documents should be presented to the FAA at least 90 days prior to the and operation that's about three months so you definitely got a you know think ahead if you're going to be requesting a waiver a operation certificate from the FAA to do a specific operation so make sure you really plan quite far ahead for this specific operation that you could be conducting question 31 to avoid a possible collision with a manned airplane you estimate that your small unmanned aircraft climbed to an altitude greater than 600 feet AGL to whom must you report this deviation a the National Transportation Safety Board or NTSB B air traffic control or ATC and or C the Federal Aviation Administration upon request the correct answer is C you must report any deviation to the FAA upon request so this is kind of related to the previous episode about the get-out-of-jail-free card or the NASA / ASRs report the aviation safety reporting system so if you do think that you did exceed 600 feet AGL and the FAA comes knocking if you've filed a NASA report and you kind of you know admitted to it and in the interest of improving safety you submitted it then you know you could be okay from any specific FAA action that they see that you took proactive actions to go ahead and increase your own safety and the airspace safety as a whole question 32 damaged lithium batteries can cause a increased endurance B and in-flight fire or see a change in aircraft center of gravity the correct answer is B an in-flight fire damaged lithium batteries can cause a really cool looking and very unsafe in-flight fire question 33 while operating a small unmanned aircraft system you experienced a flyaway and several people suffer injuries which of the following injuries requires reporting to the FAA a scrapes and it's bandaged on site B minor bruises or see an injury requiring an overnight hospital stay the correct answer is C you must report to the FAA any injury that you caused that requires an overnight hospital stay so you're not required to report if your drone bumps into someone and bruises them in a minor way or scrapes and and cuts them up but if the bandages are applied on-site you're good to go but if you have to go to the hospital or if the person has to go to the hospital and they have to stay overnight then that is required to be reported to the FAA you're definitely going to want to run submit a NASA report if that happens question 34 within how many days must a suas accident be reported to the FAA a 30 days B 10 days or C 90 days the correct answer is B 10 days you must report a suas accident to the FAA within 10 days so if it's an incidence you're okay you don't have to report it but an accident you have to report that within 10 days again filing a nasa or ASRs safety report might be wise if this was an accident if it was not an accident and you deliberately caused it while you're in a whole nother heap of trouble and filing the nasa reports not going to help you question 35 the effective use of all available resources human hardware and information prior to and during flight to ensure the successful outcome of the operation is called a safety management system B risk management or C crew resource management or CRM the correct answer is C CRM or crew resource management that's the effective use of all available resources human hardware and information prior to and during the flight to ensure the successful outcome of the operation and during the entirety of the operation you must be implementing that crew resource management or CRM that is it ladies and gentlemen we are done with the 35 questions on the FAA part 107 test that was administered to me online so this is definitely not guaranteed to be the exact question Bank the questions could change they could have already changed and I believe there even could be some more questions in the in-person knowledge test I'm going to go ahead and link up the cats the computer assisted testing service where you can pre-register to take the part 107 knowledge test at a knowledge testing center near you and any other information that I find out I'll go ahead and post up on the website as well so check the show notes on commercial drones fm if you want some more links I'll throw a bunch of other you know kind of useful links with a bunch of information on there for you to go ahead and kind of digest if you will and see if that helps you guys so I hope that this was pretty helpful I would actually love to know if it was or if it isn't the way that I imagine you're going to be listening to this is maybe a couple times you'll kind of just listen to it on the way to the test for a little bit of refresher or if you needed some extra information and just wanted to kind of get an overview of what the questions were like then this hopefully was um was pretty useful for you so with that I'll go ahead and sign off but if you're you know if you liked what you heard if it was helpful let me know leave a review and a rating you can go ahead and subscribe and I will be back next time with some more commercial drone knowledge Cheers
NOTE: This video reviews the questions for the existing Part 61 certificated pilot’s test for Part 107 certification. This specific test requires a 100% to pass. The typical test for anyone without a Part 61 pilot’s certificate requires a 70% to pass. Either way, the questions and concepts discussed in this video have overlap with both tests.
Test prep and study guide for the FAA’s Part 107 knowledge test for commercial drone pilots. Ian reviews the entire 35 questions on the Part 61 online drone pilot test for Part 107—and answers—that he was administered during the online test for the upcoming commercial drone regulations that will be in place on August 26th, 2016.